Henri Matisse (1869-1954), was a French painter, leading representative of Fauvisme. The name of the artistic movement comes from the French word 'fauve' which means 'beast'. Why beast? Matisse used intensive colours, he painted with flat spots of primary colours and did not even try to create the illusion of space, according to critics of canvas his paintings were 'savage'. This may be confusing because pictures of the French painter are as result very decorative. Besides painting he used various artistic techniques, also sketch and sculpture and in the final stage of his works of art also collage, most preferably Matisse painted women and still lifes. He was a long time friend and also the main rival of Pablo Picasso.